Civil Unrest, Insurgences and the Challenges of Internal Displacement in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Silhouette of selected states in Nigeria
Badiora, Adewumi Israel
Global efforts at managing displacement have concentrated more on refugees than internally displaced persons (IDPs), yet the latter equally constitute a challenge to global civilization. This study therefore, examines the everyday problem of insurgences and displacement in Nigeria. It examines these in Adamawa, Bornu and Yobe states. Of 678,713 IDPs officially registered in these states as at the year 2014, findings showed that female accounted for 68.0% while the proportions of children and aged were 48.0% and 32.0% respectively. The proportion of IDPs whose spouse died as a result of insurgences was 37.0%. While 8.0% of the children lost both parent, findings showed that 78% lost their source of income to insurgences. Findings showed that Boko Haram’s brutality remained the significant cause of displacement in the study area. Nonetheless, inter-communal, religion conflicts, forced eviction and natural disasters have also caused some displacements. Internal displacement crises remain serious issue in Nigeria that, given the sheer scale of the present disasters, has fundamental implications for the future well-being of Sub-Saharan Africa. Policies towards addressing these problems are discussed in this article.
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